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University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15260 Phone: 412 624 5896

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See Goodies in my homepage for more popular writing on:

      Einstein 1905 "Chasing the Light: Einstein's Most Famous Thought Experiment" "How did Einstein Discover the Relativity of Simultaneity" "From the Magnet and Conductor to the Relativity of Simultaneity" "Atoms Entropy Quanta: Einstein's Statistical Physics of 1905" "The Fastest, Simplest, Quickest Derivation Ever of the Ideal Gas Law" "Which is the Most Cited of Einstein's Papers of 1905"

"How Big is an Atom"

      Einstein, More Generally "How Einstein Changed the Way We Think about Science" "How Did Einstein Think"

"A Peek into Einstein's Zurich Notebook"

"Einstein for Everyone"

      Philosophy of Physics "The Three Principal Problems of Philosophy of Modern Physics" "Time Really Passes"

When a Good Theory meets a Bad Idealization: The Failure of the Thermodynamics of Computation.

No Go Result for the Thermodynamics of Computation
The Simplest Exorcism of Maxwell's Demon No Information Needed
What is Time
The Burning Fuse Model of Unbecoming In Time
Confusions over Reduction and Emergence in the Physics of Phase Transitions.
You are not a Boltzmann Brain.
"Turtles all the way down."
Castles in the air

      Philosophy of Science "What is the Lift of an Infinite Helicopter Rotor at Rest" "The Dome: A Simple Violation of Determinism in Newtonian Mechanics"

"Induction without Probabilities"

"What Inductive Logics are There"
"The Point of Intractability"


Draft chapters for a book, The Material Theory of Induction:

Download the entire volume in a single pdf. Version of June 26, 2018.

Synoptic Table of Contents, with links.

    Preface. Draft.

    Prolog. Draft.

1. The Material Theory of Induction Stated and Illustrated. Draft

2. What Powers Induction Inference Draft.

3. Replicability of Experiment. Draft.

4. Analogy. Draft.

5. Epistemic Virtues and Epistemic Values: A Skeptical Critique. Draft

6. Simplicity as a Surrogate. Draft.

7. Simplicity in Model Selection. Draft.

8. Inference to the Best Explanation: The General Account. Draft.

9. Inference to the Best Explanation: Examples. Draft.

10. Why Not Bayes Draft.

11. Circularity in the Scoring Rule Vindication of Probabilities. Draft.

12. No Place to Stand: The Incompleteness of All Calculi of Inductive Inference. Draft.

13. Infinite Lottery Machines. Draft.

14. Uncountable Problems. Draft.

15. Indeterministic Physical Systems. Draft.

16. A Quantum Inductive Logic. Draft.

     Epilog. Draft.

"How NOT to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine." Download draft.

"Eternal Inflation: When Probabilities Fail." Prepared for special edition "Reasoning in Physics," Synthese, eds. Ben Eva and Stephan Hartmann. Journal version without pagination. Original Manuscript.

"A Material Defense of Inductive Inference," Manuscript. Download draft.

"Dense and Sparse Meaning Spaces: When Referential Stability Fails and Succeeds," Prepared for Theo Arabatzis, Corinne Bloch and James Lennox, eds., Concepts, Induction, and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Download draft.
This paper is a near completely rewritten version of an earlier, unpublished comment:
"Dense and Sparse Meaning Spaces: Comments on Travis Norsen, 'Scientific Cumulativity and Conceptual Change: The Case of Temperature.'" in Richard M. Burian and Allan Gotthelf, eds., Concepts, Induction, and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Volume not published. Download draft.


"Einstein’s Conflicting Heuristics: The Discovery of General Relativity," in Thinking about Space and Time: 100 Years of Applying and Interpreting
General Relativity
." C. Beisbart, T. Sauer, C. Wüthrich (eds)., Springer
(Einstein Studies). Download draft.

"A Demonstration of the Incompleteness of Calculi of Inductive Inference," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, forthcoming. Journal version without pagination. Download manuscript.

“Philosophy in Einstein’s Science," Alternatives to Materialist Philosophies of Science, Philip MacEwen, ed., The Mellen Press. Download draft.


Einstein for Everyone: a web*bookTM A forty one chapter online text for my course HPS 0410 Einstein for Everyone. Routinely updated. Read.


"Maxwell's Demon Does not Compute." in Michael E. Cuffaro and Samuel C. Fletcher, eds., Physical Perspectives on Computation, Computational Perspectives on Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2018. pp. 240-256. Download final.  Download draft.

“How to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine.” European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 8 (2018), pp. 71-95. Download journal version without pagination. Download preprint.
Errata to: “How to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine,” European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 8 (2018), pp. 97. Download.
(with Alexander R. Pruss) Correction to John D. Norton “How to Build an Infinite Lottery Machine, ” European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 8 (2018), pp. 143-44. Download paper. Download preprint.

"The Worst Thought Experiment," The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments. Eds. Michael T. Stuart, James Robert Brown, and Yiftach Fehige. London: Routledge, 2018. pp. 454-68. Download final. Download draft.


"Thermodynamically Reversible Processes in Statistical Physics ." American Journal of Physics, 85 (2017), pp. 135-145. Download final. Download draft. Download extended version that includes an appendix not in the journal version on processes with a Brownian particle.


"Curie's Truism." Philosophy of Science. 83(2016), pp. 1014-1026. Download final. Download preprint.
Prepared for Symposium "Curie's Principle: The Good, the Bad, and the Symmetry Violating," PSA2014: Philosophy of Science Biennial Meeting, November 6-9, 2014, Chicago, IL.

"How Einstein Did Not Discover," Physics in Perspective, 18 (2016), pp. 249-282. Dowload final or draft.

"The Impossible Process: Thermodynamic Reversibility," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 55(2016), pp. 43-61. Download final or draft.


"The Burning Fuse Model of Unbecoming in Time," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics. 52 (2015), pp. 103-105. Download. See Draft. See Goodies page. Talk Powerpoints.

"Replicability of Experiment," Theoria, 30(No. 2) (2015), pp. 229-248. Download open access or here. Download draft

“What Can We Learn about the Ontology of Space and Time from the Theory of Relativity” L. Sklar (ed.), Physical Theory: Method and Interpretation, Oxford University Press, 2015. pp. 185-228. Download final. Download latest version with redrafted figures. Preprint of early version on philsci-archive   Later Version

"The Ideal of the Completeness of Calculi of Inductive Inference: An Introductory Guide to its Failure," Manuscript (This is an orphaned manuscript, whose content has now been moved to the chapter, "The Incompleteness of All Calculi of Inductive Inference," in the book, The Material Theory of Induction.) Download draft.


"Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity and the Problems in the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies that Led him to it." pp. 72-102 in Cambridge Companion to Einstein, M. Janssen and C. Lehner, eds., Cambridge University Press. Download final without reference list. Download preprint with reference list as pdf or doc.

"On Brownian Computation," International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series. 33 (2014), pp. 1460366-1 to 1460366-6. Download final draft, Earlier incomplete draft.

"Invariance of Galileo's Law of Fall under a Change of the Unit of Time." Download.

"The Simplest Exorcism of Maxwell's Demon: The Quantum Version," Also download here.

"A Material Dissolution of the Problem of Induction." Synthese. 191 (2014), pp. 671-690. Download final. Download draft. Download earlier version. Download still earlier version.

"Infinite Idealizations,"European Philosophy of Science--Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Viennese Heritage: Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, Vol. 17 (Springer: Dordrecht-Heidelberg-London-New York), pp. 197-210. Download draft final.


"The End of the Thermodynamics of Computation: A No Go Result," Philosophy of Science. 80, (2013), pp. 1182-1192. Download. Download draft, August 20, 2013.

"All Shook Up: Fluctuations, Maxwell's Demon and the Thermodynamics of Computation" Entropy 2013, 15, 4432-4483 (open access) or download here.

"Brownian Computation is Thermodynamically Irreversible." Foundations of Physics. 43 (2013), pp 1384-1410. Download final, draft.

"Author's Reply to 'Landauer Defended'," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 44 (2013), p. 272. Download.
Reply to James Ladyman and Katie Robertson, "Landauer defended: Reply to Norton,"Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 44 (2013), pp. 263-271.

"Chasing the Light: Einstein's Most Famous Thought Experiment," Thought Experiments in Philosophy, Science and the Arts, eds., James Robert Brown, Mélanie Frappier and Letitia Meynell, New York: Routledge, 2013. pp. 123-140. Final. Download draft.


(with Claus Beisbart) "Why Monte Carlo Simulations Are Inferences and Not Experiments," International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (No. 4, December 2012), pp. 403-422. Final. Draft at philsci-archive

"Einstein as the Greatest of the Nineteenth Century Physicists," pp. 142-51 in Proceedings, Seventh Quadrennial Fellows Conference of the Center for Philosophy of Science (12-14 June 2012; Mugla, Turkey). Download. Or download from philsci-archive.

(with Bryan Roberts) “Galileo's Refutation of the Speed-Distance Law of Fall Rehabilitated,” Centaurus.54 (2012) pp. 148-164. Download. Preprint. Earlier version on philsci-archive.

(with Bryan Roberts) "The Scaling of Speeds and Distances in Galileo's Two New Sciences: A Reply to Palmerino and Laird," Centaurus, 54 (2012) pp. 182-191. Download.

"Approximation and Idealization: Why the Difference Matters" Philosophy of Science, 79 (2012), pp. 207-232. Download. Download latest draft. Earlier draft on

“Paradoxes of Sailing," Ch. 13, pp.148-63, in Sailing: Philosophy for Everyone. Patrick A. Goold, Ed., Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Download final. Download draft.


"Waiting for Landauer" Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 42(2011), pp. 184-198. Download final. Download draft of January 22, 2011. Earlier draft on
"Addendum: Units in the one-molecule gas - piston system." August 5, 2015. Download.
For a 650 word version of a principal result see No Go Result for the Thermodynamics of Computation and for an informal narrative, see When a Good Theory meets a Bad Idealization: The Failure of the Thermodynamics of Computation.

"Challenges to Bayesian Confirmation Theory," Philosophy of Statistic, Vol. 7: Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay and Malcolm R. Forster (eds.) Elsevier,2011. Download final. Download draft.

"Observationally Indistinguishable Spacetimes: A Challenge for Any Inductivist." In G. Morgan, ed., Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 164-176. Download. Download draft.
This paper is a revision of "The Inductive Significance of Observationally Indistinguishable Spacetimes." or download slightly revised version.

"History of Science and the Material Theory of Induction: Einstein's Quanta, Mercury's Perihelion." European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 1(2011), pp. 3-27. Download final. Download draft. Earlier version Download.

"Little boxes: A simple implementation of the Greenberger, Horne, and Zeilinger result for spatial degrees of freedom" American Journal of Physics, 79(2)(2011), pp. 182-188.
Download final version or latest manuscript.
Earlier version: "Little Boxes: The Simplest Demonstration of the Failure of Einstein's Argument for the Incompleteness of Quantum theory" Download earlier version.

Reprinted in Virtual Journal of Quantum Information, 11(2)(2011).


"There are No Universal Rules for Induction," Philosophy of Science, 77 (2010) pp. 765-77. Download. Download latest draft.
Prepared for Symposium “Induction Without Rules” PSA 2008: Philosophy of Science Biennial Meeting, November 2008, Pittsburgh PA. Pre-symposium version on philsci-archive.

This last paper incorporates material from an earlier now orphaned manuscript, "Induction without Probabilities." Download.

"Cosmic Confusions: Not Supporting versus Supporting Not-". Philosophy of Science. 77 (2010), pp. 501-23. Download. Download manuscript.
This manuscript is an extensively revised version of "Cosmology and Inductive Inference: A Bayesian Failure," Prepared for “Philosophy of Cosmology: Characterising Science and Beyond” St. Anne’s College, Oxford, September 20-22, 2009. or Download.

"Time Really Passes." Humana.Mente: Journal of Philosophical Studies, 13(April, 2010), pp. 23-34. Download from or here. Download draft. An earlier version is the Goodies page, Time Really Passes.

"Deductively Definable Logics of Induction." Journal of Philosophical Logic. 39 (2010), pp. 617-654. Download final. Download draft.
For a less formal development, see "What Logics of Induction are There" in Goodies.

"How Hume and Mach Helped Einstein Find Special Relativity," pp. 359-386 in M. Dickson and M. Domski, eds., Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 2010. Download. Download addendum, 2009, with new material.
Drafts: Preprint on philsci-archive. Download later draft (July 1, 2005).

"A Survey of Inductive Generalization." download.


"Is There an Independent Principle of Causality in Physics" British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 60 (2009), pp. 475-86. Download final version. Earlier version on; later version.


"The Dome: An Unexpectedly Simple Failure of Determinism" Proceedings of the 2006 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Philosophy of Science, 75, No. 5, (2008). pp. 786-98.. Download original longer version. Download shorter version prepared for publication. Final.

"Why Constructive Relativity Fails," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 59 (2008), pp. 821-834. Manuscript. Free download from Oxford Journals as html or pdf. Or try here.

"Ignorance and Indifference." Philosophy of Science, 75 (2008), pp. 45-68. Download final version. Download long draft. Download short draft.

"Must Evidence Underdetermine Theory" in The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited, M. Carrier, D. Howard and J. Kourany, eds., Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2008, pp. 17-44. Preprint on; final version here.

"Einstein's Miraculous Argument of 1905: The Thermodynamic Grounding of Light Quanta" in C. Joas, C. Lehner and J. Renn (eds.), HQ1: Conference on the History of Quantum Physics: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. Preprint 350. Vol. 1, pp. 63-78. Download draft. Download final.

"Discovering the Relativity of Simultaneity: How Did Einstein Take 'The Step'," Trans. to Chinese, Wang Wei. In Einstein in a Trans-cultural Perspective. Eds. Yang Jiang, Liu Bing. Tsinghua University Press, forthcoming. (Estimated date of publication: undetermined.) Download Chinese text. Download English text.


"Probability Disassembled" British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 58 (2007), pp. 141-171. Download preprint. Download.

"Disbelief as the Dual of Belief." International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 21(2007), pp. 231-252. Download. Download preprint.

"Do the Causal Principles of Modern Physics Contradict Causal Anti-Fundamentalism" pp. 222-34 in Thinking about Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics. eds. P. K. Machamer and G. Wolters, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2007.Download preprint. Download final.

"What Was Einstein's 'Fateful Prejudice'" in Juergen Renn (ed.), The Genesis of General Relativity. Vol. 2 Einstein's Zurich Notebook: Commentary and Essays. Springer, 2007, pp. 715-83. Download.

With Juergen Renn, Tilman Sauer, Michel Janssen, John Stachel, “A Commentary on the Notes on Gravity in the Zürich Notebook” in Juergen Renn (ed.), The Genesis of General Relativity. Vol. 2 Einstein's Zurich Notebook: Commentary and Essays. Springer, 2007 pp. 489-714.


"The Formal Equivalence of Grue and Green and How It Undoes the New Riddle of Induction." Synthese, (2006) 150: 185-207. Preprint of older version on  Later version.  Latest.

"Atoms Entropy Quanta: Einstein's Miraculous Argument of 1905," Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 37 (2006), pp. 71-100. Preprint on philsci-archive. Latest.


"A Little Survey of Induction," in P. Achinstein, ed., Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories and Applications. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1905. pp. 9-34. Preprint on , Final version

"Eaters of the Lotus: Landauer's Principle and the Return of Maxwell's Demon." Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 36 (2005), pp. 375-411. Download preprint. Download final.

"A Conjecture on Einstein, the Independent Reality of Spacetime Coordinate Systems and the Disaster of 1913," pp. 67-102 in A. J. Kox and J. Einsenstaedt, eds., The Universe of General Relativity. Einstein Studies Volume 11. Boston: Birkhaeuser, 2005. Download preprint. Download final version.


"Einstein's Investigations of Galilean Covariant Electrodynamics prior to 1905," Archive for History of Exact Sciences, 59 (2004), pp. 45-105. Download

"On Thought Experiments: Is There More to the Argument" Proceedings of the 2002 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Philosophy of Science,71 (2004) pp. 1139-1151.Latest version Preprint on philsci-archive.

"Why Thought Experiments Do Not Transcend Empiricism" pp. 44-66 in Christopher Hitchcock (ed.) Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Science. Blackwell, 2004. Download final version. Preprint on philsci-archive.


"The n-Stein Family" pp. 55-67 in Juergen Renn (ed.) Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics: Festschrift in Honor of John Stachel. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 234. Kluwer, 2003. Download.

"General Covariance, Gauge Theories and the Kretschmann Objection," pp. 110-123 in K. Brading and E. Castellani, Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflection. Cambridge University Press, 2003. Final version. Preprint available on philsci-archive. Or non-inverted pdf.

"Causation as Folk Science," Philosophers' Imprint Vol. 3, No. 4 Download abstract. Download paper without abstract.
Download Italian translation by Gio Matteo Risso Ricci.
Reprinted in pp. 11-44, H. Price and R. Corry, Causation, Physics and the Constitution of Reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Download.

"A Material Theory of Induction" Philosophy of Science, 70(October 2003), pp. 647-70. Download


"Einstein's Triumph over the Spacetime Coordinate System: A Paper Presented in Honor of Roberto Torretti," Dialogos, 79 (2002), pp. 253-62. Preprint available on philsci-archive.


With Jonathan Bain. "What Should Philosophers of Science Learn from the History of the Electron." pp. 451-65 in J. Z. Buchwald and A. Warwick, Histories of the Electron. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2001. Download.

"What Can We Learn about the Ontology of Space and Time from the Theory of Relativity A synopsis" pp. 281-86 in Cuadernos de Ontologia: Ontology Studies: Physis proceedings. No. 1-2, 2001. San Sebastian. Preprinton philsci-archive.


"How We Know About Electrons," pp. 67- 97 in R. Nola and H. Sankey, eds., After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend; Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method. Dordrecht Kluwer. (refereed) Download.

"What can we Learn About Physical Laws from the Fact that We Have Memories Only of the Past," International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. 14 (2000), pp. 11-23. Download.

With Joseph S. Alper, Mark Bridger and John Earman, "What is a Newtonian System The Failure of Energy Conservation and Determinism in Supertasks," Synthese, 124(2000), pp. 281-293. Download

"'Nature in the Realization of the Simplest Conceivable Mathematical Ideas¹: Einstein and the Canon of Mathematical Simplicity," Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 31 (2000), pp.135-170. Download.


"Geometries in Collision: Einstein, Klein and Riemann." in J. Gray, ed., The Symbolic Universe. Oxford University Press, pp.128-144. Download

"The Cosmological Woes of Newtonian Gravitation Theory," in H. Goenner, J. Renn, J. Ritter and T. Sauer, eds., The Expanding Worlds of General Relativity: Einstein Studies, volume 7, Boston: Birkhäuser, pp. 271-322. (refereed). Download.

"A Quantum Mechanical Supertask" Foundations of Physics, 29, pp. 1265-1302. Download.


"When the Sum of Our Expectations Fails Us: The Exchange Paradox." Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 78 (1998), pp.34-58. Download

With John Earman, "Exorcist XIV: The Wrath of Maxwell's Demon." Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, Part I "From Maxwell to Szilard" 29(1998), pp.435-471; Part II: "From Szilard to Landauer and Beyond," 30(1999), pp.1-40. Download Part I Download Part II

With John Earman "Comments on Laraudogoitia's 'Classical Dynamics, Indeterminism and a Supertask," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 49, 1998, pp.123-33. Download

With Arthur Fine and Don Howard, "Einstein, Albert" Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Edward Craig, editor), Routledge, 1998.

"The Hole Argument," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Revisions, August 2007.)

How Science Works (pp.477) McGraw-Hill/ Primis Custom Publishing. ISBN 0-07-230800-1


Edited volume, with John Earman, The Cosmos of Science, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.


"Are Thought Experiments Just What You Thought" Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 26, pp. 333-66. Download.

With John Earman, "Infinite Pains: The Trouble with Supertasks," in A. Morton and S. Stich (eds.) Benacerraf and his Critics (Cambridge, MA: Blackwells) pp.231-261. Download

"Relativity, Origins of the General Theory," pp.1356-58 inMacMillan Encyclopedia of Physics, Vol. 3, John S. Rigden, ed., New York: MacMillan Reference.


"Eliminative Induction as a Method of Discovery: Einstein's Discovery of General Relativity," in J. Leplin (ed.) The Creation of Ideas in Physics: Studies for a Methodology of Theory Construction. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1995, pp.29-69. Download.

"The Force of Newtonian Cosmology: Acceleration is Relative" Philosophy of Science, 62, 1995, pp.511-22. Download.

"Mach's Principle before Einstein." in J. Barbour and H. Pfister, eds., Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity: Einstein Studies, Vol. 6. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1995, pp.9-57. Reprinted with unauthorized editorial changes to the conclusion in J. T. Blackmore, R. Itagaki and S. Tanaka, Ernst Mach's Science: Its Character and Influence on Einstein and Others. Kanagawa, Japan: Tokai University Press, 2006, pp. 193-229. Please consult the original Einstein Studies edition for the authoritative text. Download.

"Did Einstein Stumble: The Debate over General Covariance," Erkenntnis, 42 , 1995, pp.223-245; volume reprinted as Reflectionson Spacetime: Foundations, Philosophy, History. U. Maier and H,-J Schmidt (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1995. Download

Contributing editor to Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vol. 4: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1912-1914. Princeton Univ. Press.


"Science and Certainty," Synthese, 99, 1994, pp.3-22. Download.

"Why Geometry is not Conventional," in U. Maier and h. -J. Schmidt (eds.), Semantical Aspects of Spacetime Theories. Mannheim: B.I. Wissenschaftsverlag. pp.159-67. Download.

"The Theory of Random Propositions," Erkenntnis, 41, pp. 325-352.


With J. Earman, "Forever is a Day: Supertasks in Pitowsky and Malament-Hogarth Spacetimes," Philosophy of Science, 60, 22-42. Download.

Contributing editor to Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vol. 3: The Swiss Years: Writings, 1909-1911. Princeton Univ. Press.

"The Determination of Theory by Evidence: The Case for Quantum Discontinuity 1900-1915," Synthese, 97 , 1-31. Download.

"General Covariance and the Foundations of General Relativity: Eight Decades of Dispute," Reports on Progress in Physics, 56 , pp.791-858. Download. (Download smaller 460KB version reset by Cleon Teunissen.)

"A Paradox in Newtonian Cosmology" pp.412-20 in M. Forbes , D. Hull and K. Okruhlik (eds.) PSA 1992: Proceedings of the 1992 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. Vol. 2. East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, 1993.

Revised version "A Paradox in Newtonian Cosmology II," pp. 185-95 in Joke Meheus (ed.), Inconsistency in Science. Kluwer, 2002. Download.

Edited volume, with J. Earman and M. Janssen. The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in History of General Relativity .Boston: Birkhäuser .

"Einstein and Nordström: Some Lesser Known Thought Experiments in Gravitation," pp.3-29 in J. Earman, M. Janssen and J. Norton, eds., The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in History of General Relativity .Boston: Birkhäuser. Reprinted in P. Galison et al., eds., Science and Society: Vol. 2: The Roots of General Relativity. Routledge, 2001. Download.

With Don Howard, "Out of the Labyrinth: Einstein, Hertz and Göttingen Answer to the Hole Argument," pp. 30-62 in J. Earman, M. Janssen and J. Norton The Attraction of Gravitation: New Studies in History of General Relativity. Boston: Birkhäuser. Download.

"Seeing the Laws of Nature" Metascience, Issue 3 (new series), 1993, pp. 33-38. (Review of James R. Brown, The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences. London: Routledge, 1991.) Download.


"The Physical Content of General Covariance," in J. Eisenstaedt and A. Kox (eds.) Studies in the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies, Vol. III, Boston: Birkhäuser, 1992, pp. 281-315. Download.

"Introduction to the Philosophy of Space and Time, " in Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Prentice-Hall (reprinted 1999, Hackett; Greek edition, 1998), . Reprinted in J. Butterfield, M. Hogarth and G. Belot, Spacetime: The International Research Library of Philosophy, 17. Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1996, pp. 3-56. Download Part 1. Part 2. Part 3.

"Einstein, Nordström and the early Demise of Lorentz-covariant, Scalar Theories of Gravitation," Archive for History of Exact Sciences, 45 (1992), pp.17-94. Reprinted in J. Renn and M. Schemmel (eds.), The Genesis of General Relativity Vol. 3: Theories of Gravitation in the Twilight of Classical Physics: Between Mechanics, Field Theory, and Astronomy. Springer, 2007, pp.413-87. Download.


"Thought Experiments in Einstein's Work," in Thought Experiments In Science and Philosophy, eds. T. Horowitz, G. J. Massey, Savage, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1991. Download paper. Download entire volume on


"Coordinates and Covariance: Einstein's View of Spacetime and the Modern View," Foundations of Physics, 19 (1989), pp. 1215-63.


"Limit Theorems for Dempster's Rule of Combination," Theory and Decision, 25 (1988), pp. 287-313.

"The Hole Argument," PSA 1988. Proceedings of the 1988 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Volume 2, pp. 56-64. Reprinted in J. Butterfield, M. Hogarth and G. Belot, Spacetime: The International Research Library of Philosophy, 17. Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1996, pp. 285-93. Reprinted in L. Sklar, ed., ThePhilosophy of Physics, New York: Garland Publishing, 2000, pp. 68-76. Download.


"The Logical Inconsistency of the Old Quantum Theory of Black Body Radiation," Philosophy of Science, 54 (1987), pp. 327-350. Download.

with J. Earman, "What Price Spacetime Substantivalism The Hole Story," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 38 (1987), pp. 515-25. Download.

"Einstein, the Hole Argument and the Reality of Space," in J. Forge (ed.), Measurement, Realism and Objectivity (Reidel, 1987), pp. 153-188. Download.


"Einstein's Struggle with General Covariance," in R. Ruffini (ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, (Elsevier Science Publishers B.V, 1986.), pp. 1837-48.

"The Quest for the One Way Speed of Light," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 37 (1986), pp. 118-20.


"What was Einstein's Principle of Equivalence" Studiesin History and Philosophy of Science, 16 (1985), pp. 203-246; reprinted in D. Howard and J. Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies Vol. I, Boston: Birkhauser, 1989, pp.5-47. Download scanned file (9.6MB). Download version reset by Cleon Teunissen (376 KB)


"How Einstein Found His Field Equations: 1912-1915," Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, 14 (1984), pp. 253-315. Reprinted in D. Howard and J. Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies Vol. I, Boston: Birkhauser, pp101-159. Download Sections 1-4. Download Sections 5-8.


"Einstein's Struggle with General Covariance," (in Russian) Einsteinovski Sbornik, 1982-83 (Einstein Studies) (Moscow), pp. 57-84.

"Einstein's Struggle with General Covariance," Rivista di Storia della Scienza, 2 (1985), pp. 191-205. (Previous article in English)


With J. Saunders "Einstein, Light Signals and the ε-Decision" in What Where When Why: Essays in Induction, Space and Time, Explanation, ed. R. McLaughlin (Reidel, 1982 ), pp. 101-127.


"Einstein, Mach's Principle and the Origins of the General Theory of Relativity," Proceedings of the Australasian Association for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science, 12 (1980-1981), pp. 277-88.


Interview in J. Ferret and J. Symons, eds., Philosophy of Physics: 5 1 Questions. Automatic Press, 2010, pp. 113-119. Download. Download draft.

“Interview with John D. Norton,” The Reasoner, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2010, pp. 2-4. or download.


"Einstein's Astonishing Idea" YouTube video in Instant HPS. 2014.

1980 Review of A. Koyré, Galileo Studies (Harvester, 1978) in Proceedings of the Australasian Association for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science, 11 (1979-1980), pp. 18-21.

1983 Review of M. Friedman, Foundations of Space-Time Theories (Princeton Univ. Press, 1983) in Science, December 1983.

1986 Review of R. Torretti, Relativity and Geometry (Pergamon, 1983) in Foundations of Physics, October, 1986.

1986 Review of A. J. Friedman and C. C. Donley, Einstein and Myth and Muse (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1985) in Metascience, 4 (1986), pp. 83-86.

1988 Review of L. Sklar, Philosophy and Spacetime Physics in Foundations of Physics, 18(1988), pp.687-89.

1989 Review of C. Ray, Evolution of Relativity (Adam Hilger, 1987) in Metascience, 7 (1989), pp. 45-47.

1990 Review of M. D. Akhundov, Conceptions of Space and Time: Sources, Evolution, Directions (MIT Press, 1986) in Isis, 81 (1990), pp. 393-94.

1990 Review of T. Glick (ed.), The Comparative Reception of Relativity (Reidel, 1989) in Metascience, 8(1990), pp.125-27.

1993 "Seeing the Laws of Nature," Metascience, 3 (1993), pp. 33-38. (Review of J. R. Brown, The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences.)

1971-1974 B.E. (Chem. Eng.) with Honours I and University Medal, School of Chemical Engineering, University of N.S.W., Sydney, Australia.

1978-1981 Ph.D. in the School of History and Philosophy of Science, University of N.S.W. Title of Dissertation: "The Historical Foundation of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity."

1982-1983 Postdoctoral research, Einstein Project Princeton, NJ

1983-1984 Visiting Assistant Professor, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science and Research Associate, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

1986-1989 Assistant Professor, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

1989-1997 Associate Professor with tenure, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

1997-2014 Professor, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

September 2000-August 2005, Chair, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

September 2005 - August 2016, Director, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh (On leave Sept.-Dec. 2005; John Earman, Interim Director.)

2014- Distinguished Professor, Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

Associate Editor, Philosophy of Science, January 1990-December 1994

Communicating Editor: Archive for History of Exact Sciences, 1996-

Editor. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Philosophy of Physics (Space and Time) Section. 1998-
Inventory of articled edited.

Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics Associate Editor, 2001-2003; Acting co-editor, May-July 2001.

Co-editor (with John Earman) May 22, 2002-August, 2003.

Editorial board, Philosophy of Science, 1995-; Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 1995-2001, 2003-; International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 1996-, European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 2009-.

Co-founder 2001 and Executive Committee,, 2001-

Referee for Acta Analytica, American Mathematical Monthly, American Philosophical Quarterly, American Journal of Physics, Analysis, Archive for History of Exact Sciences, American Mineralogist, Arabian Journal of Science and Engineering, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, British Journal for the History of Science, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Dialectica, Entropy, EPL--“A Letters Journal Exploring the Frontiers of Physics”--European Physical Society, Erkenntnis, European Journal for Philosophy of Science, Foundations of Physics, Foundations of Physics Letters, Foundations of Science, History and Philosophy of Logic, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Isis, Journal of Philosophical Research, Journal for General Philosophy of Science Living Reviews in Relativity, Mind, Nous, Perspectives on Science, Philosophers’ Imprint, Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophical Papers, Philosophical Studies, Philosophy of Science, Physics Letters A, Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Ratio, Science and Education, Science in Context, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Synthese, Theoria, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook.

Member, Governing Board of the Philosophy of Science Association. Elected February 2007- 31st December 2010.

Executive Committee, Einstein Papers Project, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. 2001-

Advisory Board, Sydney Center for the Foundations of Science, University of Sydney. Joined September, 2009

Board, Seven Pines Symposium, Stillwater, MN. October 2009 - .

Conference organizer: Principal Organizer, Third International Conference in History and Philosophy of General Relativity (HGR3), University of Pittsburgh, June, 1991.

Co-Convener (with Don Howard), principal organizer, first conference HPS1, October, 2007, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh. Second conference HPS2: University of Notre Dame, March 12-15, 2009. Third conference HPS3: University of Indiana, Bloomington, September 23-36, 2010. Fourth conference HPS4: University of Athens, Greece, March 15-18, 2012.

Service on numerous conference program committees including PSA 1990, PSA 2000, PSA 2006, PSA 2018, HGR4, HGR5, HGR6, HGR7, HQ-0, HQ-1, HQ-2, HPS3, HPS4, HPS5, HPS6.

Minor appearances in BBC4 Documentary
Inside Einstein's Mind: The Enigma of Space and Time
Aired Monday, December 14, 2015.

Brief appearance in simplified PBS version,
Inside Einstein's Mind (or here).
Aired as NOVA, November 25, 2015.

Revised November 8, 2017, and possibly later too Windows 8 Activator

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I spent 4 years working on luxury superyachts (or megayachts or gigayachts) and every time someone I know is thinking about it I end up having the same conversation with them. I’ve decided to stop doing that and put everything that I’d normally say into this post. This is everything you need to know about working on superyachts, all in one place.


I’m not an expert in this and everything here is my opinion or a gross generalization of the industry. It may not be the same in all cases. I expect you to use more than one source and I expect you to understand my bias’ in the industry. I had extensive racing experience before I left and worked up from the deck to an engineers role on private sailing yachts. I’ve put a very brief summary of my relevant experience at the bottom.

I WILL NOT ANSWER EMAILS ABOUT THIS POST. This is everything that I know. If you want to ask something, contact these guys at or leave a comment below.   (If you’re looking for a job, have them help with your CV!)


Working on superyachts is awesome and is loads of fun. No doubt about it. But it’s also lots of hard work, long hours lots of stress small living quarters and not much time off. (See the “Industry of Extreme’s section”) having said that, it is great to do while you are young and is an awesome way to travel while earning cash… (Although some do make a life of it)

Do remember that it’s not so easy to just jump on a boat for a couple of months with no experience earn some cash and then leave. There are tons of kids just like you who also want to get that job. A little bit of experience goes a long way and without it it’s very hit and miss. Your first job could take you 4 months to get. Prepare for that – it’s far better to be pleasantly surprised.

Where to go

Superyachts follow the seasons. In winter (November to May) they go South to the Caribbean,  Bahamas and Florida. In Florida want to base yourself in Fort Lauderdale (venture to Miami and West Palm as well), from there you’ll catch trips to the Bahamas, and in the Caribbean you want to head to St Maartin or Antigua.

St Martin in the Caribbean

In the summer, the yachts head North. Either up the US coast to Boston, Maine and Newport (Newport is the place you want to be) or across the Atlantic to the Med. The season normally starts in Palma de Mallorca (best place to go at the start and end of the season) and then moves on to France or Italy. Mid-season you want to be based around Antibes, this is because there is a good support network and it’s a short train ride to Monaco, Nice and Cannes. (It’s often better to jump on the train to look for work outside of Antibes!)

*Note: many yachts do world tours and go to many more places. These are only the best starting spots where the boats get work done – i.e. they need help.


As a saffa travelling on a SA passport, I’m going to throw this one in here. Visa’s are a bitch and not having them will often cost you a job. The first thing to do is contact SAMSA and get a seamans book. This will replace vias’s in some countries. #winning

Otherwise for the US you want a B1/B2 visa and you’ll need Schengen or French / Dutch Atillies visa’s depending on where you’re going. One thing to note is that by international law, the yacht is an extension of the land that it is registered in – regardless of what waters you are in. If it’s an American flagged vessel you’ll need other visa’s that allow you to work in America. To avoid tax, make sure that you’re never in 1 country for more than 183 days. Many yachts are registered in Bikini or Malta as they are tax havens.


The only thing you really have to get is an STCW 95. The rest may differ depending on what area you’re wanting to go into (see “Crew Positions” below) As a deckhand, a tender course is handy, as an engineer your AEC or MEOL and as a stew or chef do something in that line.

REMEMBER: Pretty much nothing that you’ve done on land is going to be relevant and it counts for VERY little. (That goes for engineering too) Similarly, most of what you do on yachts will mean nothing in the real world.

Sail vs Power

There are 2 different types of boats you can work on. Owners / guests of sail yachts are generally more relaxed and are there for the journey or experience of sailing. They’re normally more laid back and friendly. As crew you get a lot more slack, can generally use the equipment when the owner is not there and you’ll interact with the guests in a less formal way. (Things like the chef making sandwiches for lunch as the boats heeling while you sail, come to mind.)

With motoryachts, the owner / guest is there for the destination. They want to be treated like kings all the time. They generally don’t interact with the crew and the level of service (read: stress) is a lot higher. It is far more like a floating hotel where everything just has to work. You do get bigger cabins though!

NOTE: Some large sail yachts (over 150 feet) act more like motor yachts than sail yachts. This is especially true for builds like Perini Navi.

Private vs Charter

As with power vs sail, there is a similar difference between private and charter yachts. Private owners generally pay a little less, but your quality of life is far greater. They let you use the stuff when they’re not there, they’ll give you plenty of perks and try to keep you around if they like you. (Otherwise it’s like having different servants at your holiday house every time you go – not that I’ve experienced this myself…) They’re more laid back and may interact with the crew more.

Charter guests are paying about $150k – $350k per week. That food better be awesome and those cabins perfect. Not to mention the TV and aircon being exactly right every time… They’re a lot less forgiving, work you much longer hours, but can leave you massive tips at the end of a stay. ($1000 per person per week is the norm – about 10% of the charter fee.) You work like a bitch but get paid like a king. It’s pretty stressful.

Crew and positions

There are 4 main streams of personel. Deck, Engineering, Interior and Chef. The crew size will normally be about 1 per 20ft (sail) or 1 per 15ft (motor). So, a 180ft sailing yacht would have: Captain, First Mate, Boson, Deckhand, Engineer, 2nd Engineer/deckhand, Chief Stew, 2nd Stew and Chef. More or less.

Boys generally start on deck, girls interior. Yes there is a bias for pretty girls (Millionaires like pretty girls around them) so get over it. It’s not that blatant, but it does exist. A trick for boys is to offer to help out in the engine room. It means that you’ll clean the inside instead of the outside, but you get out of the sun and can get paid more.

 Your first job

When you’re starting out, send your CV to a bunch of crew agents in the place you are going to. (Yes you have to be there in person to get the job.) Check in with them at least every 3 days in person and ask if they’ve found you a job – this keeps you top of mind and top of the pile. Make sure your CV is only one page. You honestly don’t have enough relevant experience to fill more and it reflects badly.

Every morning at 7:00am you get up, get dressed and you “walk the docks”. (Wear a white t-shirt with kaki / navy shorts and slip-slops) What this entails is you asking every single boat in the marina if they have day work. Most will say no. It sucks, but you get used to it.  If you don’t find something, go to a nearby town or marin

a and try again there. Basically, they’ll hire you if they need an extra hand for a day (or week) and you’ll be doing the shittiest of the jobs. You can expect to get about $100 – $150 and lunch for the day.

Your first job is most likely going to come from someone you’ve dayworked for or through a referral from one of them. Make sure you record the yachts you work on in your CV and ask for references whenever you can.

ADVICE: An easy going attitude, not too hungover or grumpy, a big smile and a willingness to do anything they give you goes a VERY long way!

If it’s not working leave. It doesn’t get better. Ever. There is also no such thing as notice period – unless you’re ending on a good note. The general rule for relationships is that you don’t screw the crew. I’ve never seen this end well. It’s OK to join the boat as a couple, but to start a relationship when there are 5 other people living it with you is too much for everyone. Someone always leaves.

Life on board (Added)

There are 3 modes of work on board. Firstly, when you have guests onboard. You’re up form 7:00am till 11:00 (can vary) and spend all your time cleaning and running around after guests and their wishes.

The second mode is delivery. This is when you are moving the yacht to another location and is normally done once the guests leave or to move to another country / place. It normally requires you to be on watch (like 2 hours on with 6 off) where you have to fill out the logs and monitor the trip.

Lastly, you have yard periods. This is where there are no guests onboard and you get to do all the big jobs and maintenance that you need. Often done in a place that has good  support services and often take on dayworkers to help you get ready for your next trip. Work is 8:00 – 5:00 with partying on some evenings and on weekends.

Whats Awesome

The money. The travelling and seeing the most amazing places in the world. Living in the prime locations on the international scene. A month in Monaco, anyone Days off in these locations rock. Saving money – if you’re wise. No tax. The parties are INSANE! Ocasional heli ride or trip in private Gulfstream 550, but only if you’re lucky.

What Sucks

The space. No seriously, you’re living with someone else in a room the size of a double bed. You have one cupboard, one shelf and a bed that touches both shoulders and tapers at your feet. All your possessions must fit in a suitcase. Living on top of people. You have no idea how confined spaces can rub people the wrong way and there is no cure for cabin fever except to get the [email protected]#% out. Missing your friends and regular Wednesday night poker. Weddings, birthdays, fathers day and pretty much anything else you miss involving your family. It sucks big time.

The Industry of Extremes

I find it very common for people who hear that you work on a superyacht to reply with the, “Wow, that must be the best job in the world!” response. But is it really

What most people don’t understand is that the pro’s and con’s of being a yacht crew is to live constantly in extremes. On the one hand you have the pro’s like living in the most exotic locations, getting paid (often in foreign currency) tax free, constantly moving and meeting new people, having no living expenses – besides drinking – to mention just a few. But at the same time many of these can be looked at from the other side of the coin.

Getting paid tax free means that you use offshore banking and will get pretty heavily taxed if you ever want to take that money home to buy a house for example. The reason that the boat covers all your living expenses is due to the fact that on many busy charter boats, you may never get the opportunity to go ashore and do shopping on a regular basis and often have no permanent means of transport to do it. The meeting new people part is awesome, but whenever you meet new friends one of you inevitably will have to move on within a couple of weeks. This makes it very hard for relationships with members of the opposite sex as you either only see each other every couple of months or you live onboard together in the same space as about 7 other people. Another bonus is that you have a largely international group of friends that you will bump into around the world. One of the reasons for the high pay compared to regular jobs is the sacrifices that you have to make in living and personal space, although there is also a lot of freedom having everything you own fit into a suitcase and backpack!

Yes, it is great when you get a couple of thousand dollar tip and 4 days off in the French Riviera, just remember that you had to put in 3 gruelling weeks of 18hr days of charter to get there. Too many people are very naïve about what it actually takes to live in the industry and therefore are not prepared for the sacrifices they need to make. But having said all this if you can put up with the con’s – which most young adventurous people can easily handle – you are in for a fantastic time filled with high adventure, good memories and hopefully a house or 2 by the end. At the end of the day it is all about balance and the constant juggling of the extremes.

In Closing…

Yachting can be loads of fun and a great way to save. The most important advice that I can give anyone wanting to start out on yachts is: “Don’t be more trouble than you’re worth.” When you’re starting out, you are very easily replaceable. You’re living right on top of people and getting in their space. Getting along with others and not ever being involved in fights, arguments and politics can make you indispensable – it’s more important than what you know or how hard you work. Don’t be a dick and good luck.

My time on yachts: [Added]

I’ve been racing dinghy’s and small yachts since I was 10. In Jan 2005 I dropped out of my 3rd year doing engineering at UCT and left to sail the Cape to Bahia race on a Benneteau 47′. I stayed on the yacht and went up to the Caribbean, stepping off in Antigua. After 4 months of intermitted daywork I got a job as a deckhand on a 137ft ketch. Within 2 weeks they offered to train me up as an engineer. A 6 month yard period at West Palm followed and a trip to the Bahamas for Xmas.

After that trip the whole crew left as the owner didn’t want to move the boat and I went back to Antigua. I got a job as a Deckie / 2nd engineer on a 140ft ketch and sailed to Palma. After the crossing I left, and joined another 92ft sloop in Egypt as mate / engineer. 6 months of hell with a russian owner and I left again to join my last boat, a 170ft schooner as deckhand. Moved into a 3 month rotation with the chief engineer after a couple of months and stayed onboard for another 2 years.

In 4 years I went to over 100 countries, done 7 ocean crossings and logged 48 000nm – twice the distance around the equator. I miss it like you’d miss university – It was awesome, but I’m glad I’m not there anymore.

Great advice for your yachting CV

Please do not email me any questions. Leave them in the comments below… Alternatively, I highly recommend that you get in touch with The Crew Coach as they have great advice and I’d strongly recommend having them help put together a killer CV or check out their FREE program for Newbie crew. Good Luck Counter-Strike 1.6 v43 full

You might also like: What I learnt from Billionaires and Oh, the places you’ll go!

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Thank you for showing interest in the New V4


Following on from the success of the Domiracer comes the production Dominator. Built using high specification components whilst maintaining a classic appearance and style.


  • Engine -
    Engine type:  In-house developed parallel twin with dry sump lubrication Compression ratio:  10.1:1 
    Displacement:  961cc Power:  80PS at 6500RPM 
    Cooling system:   Air/Oil Torque:  90Nm at 5200RPM 
    Valve actuation:  Push-rod, hydraulic valve lifter, 2-valves per cylinder Exhaust:  Full stainless steel exhaust system with multiple 3-way catalytic converter, Euro 4 compliant
    Bore x Stroke:   88mm x 79mm Ignition:  Crank fired electronic fuel-injection.
  • Transmission
    Gear box:  Constant mesh 5-speed 
    Final drive:  525 O-ring chain 
    Clutch:  Wet multi-plate 
  • Dimensions
    Wheelbase: 1400mm (55.12") Front tyre: 120/70 x 17"
    Rake: 24.0° Rear tyre: 180/55 x 17"
    Trail: 99mm (3.9") Front wheel travel: 115mm (4.53")
    Front wheel: 36-spoke 3.5" x 17" Black Rim Rear wheel travel: 100mm (3.94")
    Rear wheel: 40-spoke 5.5" x 17" Black Rim Seat height: 810mm (32")
  • Suspension
    Front suspension: 43mm Ohlins black-line upside down forks, adjustable for preload, compression and rebound damping
    Rear suspension: Ohlins mono shock with remote reservoir – adjustable for ride height, preload and compression
  • Brakes
    Front Brakes:  Full Brembo system, twin Brembo 320mm fully-floating high carbon steel discs and Brembo 4-piston ‘Mono bloc’ radially mounted calipers with ABS. Brembo front brake master cylinder.
    Rear Brakes:  Full Brembo system, Brembo 240mm disc and 2-piston caliper with ABS. Brembo rear brake master cylinder.
    Clutch:  Brembo hydraulic clutch master cylinder with remote reservoir and Brembo slave cylinder
  • Performance
    Power: 80PS @ 6500rpm
    Torque: 90Nm @ 5200rpm
  • Electronics Controls
    Electronics:  300-watt high-output charging system
    Instruments:  Norton electronic analogue speedometer and tachometer 
    Handlebars:  Hand-welded aluminium clip-ons Windows.Vista Home Premium SP2 (32Bit)

  • Colour Options

    Titanium Grey with Black Pinstripe

  • Colour Options

    Titanium Grey with Black Pinstripe


The Dominator does not come with a dual seat




Black Chassis Pack £595
Black Wheel Rims £245
Black Engine Barrel £300
Polished Engine Pack £495
Carbon Fibre Wheels £2,195
Polished Wheels £245
Painted Flag on The Tail £250
Polished Chassis Pack £595
Carbon Flyscreen £295
Carbon Number Plate Bracket £245
Carbon Chainguard £225
Carbon Hugger £250
Chrome Plated Side Stand £150
Chrome Chainguard £150
Billet Leavers £250
Motorcycle Cover £60
Polished Gearbox Filler £50
Aluminium Fuel Tank £2,640
Short Open Pipes £895
Long Open Exhaust Silencers £895
De-cat Exhaust System £295
Aluminium Oil Cooler £245
Black Paddock Stand £195


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